Muḥammad(19,257 words)

Buhl, Fr.

, the founder of Islām, was a native of the city of Mecca, out of which the energetic Ḳurais̲h̲ had in the sixth century created a flourishing centre of commerce by exploiting the much visited places of pilgrimage there. In consequence of the unreliability of the sources at our disposal the very first question a biographer has to ask, namely when was his hero born, cannot be answered with certainty. That Muḥammad’s activity in Medīna covered ten years (622-632) is certain; but we have no certain…

Cite this page
Buhl, Fr.. "Muḥammad." Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936). Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Brill Online, 2014. Reference. 30 July 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-1/muhammad-SIM_4746>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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