al-Ḥaramayn(811 words)

Lewis, B.

, the two holy places, usually referring to Mecca and Medina, occasionally, in both Mamlūk and Ottoman usage, to Jerusalem and Hebron [see al-ḥaram al-s̲h̲arīf , al-k̲h̲alīl , al-ḳuds , al-madīna , makka . On the title Servant (or Protector) of the two holy places see k̲h̲ādim al-Ḥaramayn ]. The following article deals with the administration of Ottoman waḳfs in favour of the Holy Places.

Such waḳfs were established, from early times by the Ottoman Sultans and by members of their household and court, and in the 9th/15th century were already administered by spe…

Cite this page
Lewis, B.. "al-Ḥaramayn." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2014. Reference. 24 July 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/al-haramayn-SIM_2713>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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