(39,134 words)

(a.), the Muslim scripture, containing the revelations recited by Muḥammad and preserved in a fixed, written form.

1. Etymology and Synonyms

a. Derivation and Ḳurʾānic usage. The earliest attested usage of the term ḳurʾān is in the Ḳurʾān itself, where it occurs about 70 times with a variety of meanin…

Cite this page
Welch, A.T.; Paret, R.; Pearson, J.D.. "al-Ḳurʾān." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2016. Reference. 26 May 2016 <>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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