Dāwūd b. ʿAlī b. K̲h̲alaf
(627 words)

al-Iṣfahānī Abū Sulaymān , the imām of the school of the Ẓāhiriyya ([q.v.]; also called Dāwūdiyya) in religious law. An extreme representative of the tendency hostile to human reasoning and relying exlusively on Ḳurʾān and ḥadīt̲h̲, Dāwūd not only rejected personal opinion ( raʾy ) as al-S̲h̲āfiʿī [q.v.] had done, but, as far as he could, systematic reasoning by analogy ( ḳiyās ) which al-S̲h̲āfiʿī had admitted and tried to regularize, and he made it his principle to follow the outward or literal meaning ( ẓāhir ) of Ḳurʾān and ḥadīt̲h̲ exclusively; he also restricted the concept of …

Cite this page
Schacht, J., “Dāwūd b. ʿAlī b. K̲h̲alaf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2016 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1755>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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