Firdawsī
(3,490 words)

( Ferdosi ), Persian poet, one of the greatest writers of epic, author of the S̲h̲āhnāma ( S̲h̲āhnāmè , the Book of Kings). His personal name and that of his father are variously reported (Manṣūr b. Ḥasan, according to al-Bundārī [q.v.]); it is agreed that his kunya [q.v.] and his pen-name were Abu ’l-Ḳāsim Firdawsī. According to Niẓāmī ʿArūḍī, the oldest source ( Čahār maḳāla , tr. E. G. Browne, 54), he was born at Bāz̲h̲, a village in the Tabaran quarter of Ṭūs [q.v.]. The date of his birth (ca. 329-30/940-1) is reliably deduced from his statement that in the year of the acce…

Cite this page
Huart, Cl. and Massé, H., “Firdawsī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 29 August 2016 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2376>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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