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G̲h̲ūrids(4,439 words)

, the name of an eastern Iranian dynasty which flourished as an independent power in the 6th/12th century and the early years of the 7th/13th century and which was based on the region of G̲h̲ūr [q.v.] in what is now central Afg̲h̲ānistān with its capital at Fīrūzkūh [q.v.].

1. Origins and early history. The family name of the G̲h̲ūrid Sultans was S̲h̲anasb/S̲h̲ansab (< MP Gus̲h̲nasp; cf. Justi, Iranisches Namenbuch , 282, and Marquart, Das Reich Zābul , in Festschrift E. Sachau , 289, n. 3), and in the time of their florescence, attempts were made to attac…

Cite this page
"G̲h̲ūrids." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2014. Reference. 02 August 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/ghurids-COM_0239>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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