Ibrāhīm(921 words)

Gökbilgin, M. Tayyib

, eighteenth Ottoman Sultan, was born on 12 S̲h̲awwāl 1024/4 November 1615, the youngest son of Aḥmad I [q.v.]. He spent all his early life in close confinement, in constant fear of being put to death (as four of his elder brothers were); so that when Murād IV [q.v.] died and Ibrāhīm, the sole surviving prince of the dynasty, was called to ascend the throne, only the combined persuasions of his mother Kösem and the Grand Vizier Ḳara Muṣṭafā Pas̲h̲a [qq.v.] induced him to emerge (16 S̲h̲awwāl 1049/8 February 1640).

The capable Ḳara Muṣṭafā remained in power for the first four years of Ibrāhīm’s reign. He promoted peaceful relations with Persia and, by the treaty of Szön (15 March 1642), renewed the peace with Austria; while in 1051/1642 Azov (Azaḳ [q.v.]) was recovered from the Cossacks. He carried through a reform of the coinage [see

Cite this page
Gökbilgin, M. Tayyib. "Ibrāhīm." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2014. Reference. 25 July 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/ibrahim-SIM_3433>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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