Mamlūks(8,817 words)

, the Mamlūk sultanate, i.e. the régime established and maintained by (emancipated) mamlūks [see preceding article] in Egypt from 648/1250 to 922/1517, and in Syria from 658/1260 to 922/1516; and with the role of their successors, the neo-Mamlūks, in Ottoman Egypt. It surveys (i) political history, and (ii) institutional history. On military history, see the relevant sections by D. Ayalon of the articles baḥriyya (i.e. navy), bārūd , ḥarb , ḥiṣār ; on the bureaucracy, see dīwān , ii. Egypt (H. L. Gottschalk).

(i) Political History

(a) Origi…

Cite this page
"Mamlūks." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2014. Reference. 31 October 2014 <http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-islam-2/mamlu-ks-COM_0658>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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