Senegal(13,115 words)

, the name of a former French colony, an independent republic since 1960. Senegal takes its name from the river which rises in Guinea and discharges into the Atlantic Ocean near Saint-Louis after describing a broad curve, a section of which constitutes the frontier with Mauritania [see mūritāniyā ].

The origin of the word “Senegal” is disputed. According to some, the term is said to derive from the name of the Ṣanhād̲j̲a (or Zenaga), a Berber people who occupied the northern bank of the lower reaches of the river. The first forms of these name…

Cite this page
"Senegal." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2015. Reference. 30 March 2015 <>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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