(13,115 words)

, the name of a former French colony, an independent republic since 1960. Senegal takes its name from the river which rises in Guinea and discharges into the Atlantic Ocean near Saint-Louis after describing a broad curve, a section of which constitutes the frontier with Mauritania [see mūritāniyā ].

The origin of the word “Senegal” is disputed. According to some, the term is said to derive from the name of the Ṣanhād̲j̲a (or Zenaga), a Berber people who occupied the northern bank of the lower reaches of the river. The first forms of these name…

Cite this page
Triaud, J.-L., “Senegal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2016 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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