(13,115 words)

, the name of a former French colony, an independent republic since 1960. Senegal takes its name from the river which rises in Guinea and discharges into the Atlantic Ocean near Saint-Louis after describing a broad curve, a section of which constitutes the frontier with Mauritania [see mūritāniyā ].

The origin of the word “Senegal” is disputed. According to some, the term is said to derive from the name of the Ṣanhād̲j̲a (or Zenaga), a Berber people who occupied the northern bank of the lower reaches of the river. The first forms of these name…

Cite this page
Triaud, J.-L.. "Senegal." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online, 2016. Reference. 27 May 2016 <>
First appeared online: 2012
First Print Edition: isbn: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲