(a.), a term of Islamic religion denoting piety.
1. Etymology and range of meanings.
Taḳwā is a verbal noun from taḳā “to fear [God]”, itself a secondary formation from form VIII of w-ḳ-y , ittaḳā “to fear [God]” (see on this phenomenon, Wright, Arabic grammar, I, § 148 Rem. b). From this same secondary formation is derived the adjective taḳī , pl. atḳiyāʾ “pious, God-fearing”, in fact a synonym of the form VIII participle muttaḳī .
Depending on context, the denotations of the term in classical Islamic religious and mystical literature include “godliness”, “devoutness”,…