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Ṭuk̲h̲āristān
(1,725 words)

, the name found in earlier mediaeval Islamic sources for the region along the southern banks of the middle and upper Oxus river, in the wider sense of the term (see below), with the ancient of the Balk̲h̲ as the centre of its western part and such towns as Ṭālaḳān, Andarāb and Walwālīd̲j̲ [q.vv.] as its centres in the narrower acceptation of the term, sc. the eastern part. It comprised in its wider sense the modern Afg̲h̲an provinces of Fāryāb, D̲j̲ūzd̲j̲ān, Balk̲h̲, Sanangān, Ḳunduz, Tak̲h̲ār and Badak̲h̲s̲h̲ān.

The name of the region obviously preserves a memory of the people k…

Cite this page
Barthold, W. and Bosworth, C.E., “Ṭuk̲h̲āristān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 November 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7612>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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