(2,314 words)

A confession (iqrār) is a voluntary admission or acknowledgement that establishes guilt, confirms a property interest, or determines other legal facts in criminal law, family law, property law, and other legal contexts. It is one of the two principal types of evidence in premodern Islamic law, the other being witness testimony.

Civil vs. criminal proceedings

The form and the effect of a confession in premodern Islamic contexts differ…

Cite this page
Rabb, Intisar A., “Confession”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 27 April 2018 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335714, 2017, 2017-2

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