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(4,865 words)

The Ghaznavids were a dynasty that was established in the eastern part of present-day Afghanistan in the second half of the fourth/tenth century. It is generally described as the dynasty that opened the way for Muslim conquests of Hindustan.

1. Dynastic history, part i

The beginnings of the Ghaznavids lay in the armed force that crossed the Hindu Kush from the north, led by Alptegin, a former Sāmānid Turkish gen…

Cite this page
Inaba, Minoru, “Ghaznavids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 19 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2016
First print edition: 9789004305762, 2016, 2016-3

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