Diphthongs
(663 words)

Abstract

A dipthong is a pair of vowels that occupy the same syllable. Ancient Greek had a number of diphthongs, including ai and oi.

A dipthong is a pair of vowels that occupy the same syllable. Thus two-syllable diá ‘through’ does not have a diphthong but one-syllable paîs ‘child (nom.)’ does. Classical Attic has an inventory of eleven diphthongs (see generally Allen 1987:79-88; for a diachronic overview see Rix 1992:46-49, 51-52):

 

ShortDiphthongs

 

LongDiphthongs

 

 

/yi/ <υι>

 

/εːi/ <ηι>

/εːu/ <ηυ>

 

/oi/ <οι>

/εu/ <ευ>

/ɔːi/  <ωι…

Cite this page
David Goldstein, “Diphthongs”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 28 July 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000448>
First published online: 2013



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