Gerundive (Verbal Adjective)
(1,640 words)

Abstract

The gerundive, or better the verbal adjective of obligation, is an adjective consisting of a verbal root and the suffix -téos. It expresses that the verbal action must or should be performed: ōphelētéā soi hē pólis estí  ‘the city must be helped by you’ (Xen. Mem. 3.6.3). The verbal adjective of obligation seems to occur in the Linear B bookkeeping texts, but then disappears for ca 700 years. It reappears in the 5th c. BCE and there is mainly used in plays and literary prose. After the Clas…

Cite this page
Yves Duhoux, “Gerundive (Verbal Adjective)”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 19 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000142>
First published online: 2013



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