Negation (Morphology)
(624 words)

Abstract

Greek has two ʽnegatorsʼ (negative words) ou and mḗ, classified by different scholars as adverbs or particles, and used in statements and directive expressions, respectively. This distinction also holds true for their compounds. Lexical negation is assured, e.g. by the privative prefix a- and dus- and by opposite words without negative affixation.

Greek has two negators, ou and mḗ. The former is used in statements (‘objective negation’), mḗ in directive expressions and wishes (‘subjective’ negation). Mḗ  ‘not’ (< PIE *meh₁)…

Cite this page
Dagmar Muchnová, “Negation (Morphology)”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 23 June 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000246>
First published online: 2013



▲   Back to top   ▲