Examination System
(1,477 words)

During the imperial era, the examination system comprised a whole complex of competitions which served the selection of candidates for official posts. The examinations derived from the measures introduced by the Han Emperors for recruiting their imperial administration from outside the hereditary nobility. They constituted an effort at establishing an official Confucian education, combined with the provision of literary examinations, which were to provide qualification for titles and public offi…

Cite this page
Bastid-Bruguière, Marianne, “Examination System”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 28 April 2017
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018



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