Existential Coda Construction
(2,485 words)

Sentences of the form (1) as illustrated in (2) have been of considerable interest to researchers of Chinese syntax and semantics since Huang (1987) brought to light some of their properties:

1.

 

… (np)  … v  …  np …   xp

 

 

      1           2         3          4

 

 

2.

a.

我們來了一個客人說話很大聲。

 

 

Wǒmen  lái-le            yī      ge    kèrén  shuōhuà  hěn   dàshēng.

 

 

1pl           come-asp   one  clf  guest  speak        very  loud

 

 

‘We had a guest who spoke loudly.’

 

b.

昨天發生了一件車禍很可怕。

 

 

Zuótiān      fāshēng-le      yī      jiàn  chēhuò    hěn   kěpà.

 

 

yesterday   happen-asp   one  clf   accident…

Cite this page
Kristy LIU, “Existential Coda Construction”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 23 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_000036>
First published online: 2015



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