Shāng 商 Chinese, Textual Sources and Decipherment
(11,584 words)

1. Introduction

At the end of the 19th century, through the discovery of "Oracle-Bone Inscriptions" (jiǎgǔwén 甲骨文) in the suburb of the present city of Ānyáng 安陽, Hénán Province, there appeared unmistakable evidence of a late "Shāng Chinese" language (c. 1…

Cite this page
Ken-ichi TAKASHIMA, “Shāng 商 Chinese, Textual Sources and Decipherment”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 30 March 2017 <>
First published online: 2015

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