Alcohol consumption
(1,808 words)

The word “alcohol” (Arabic alkul = stibnite or kohl for eye make-up) entered everyday English use in the sense of the intoxicating element in fermented liquors in the 18th century. In alchemy it meant the fine substrate of materials, their quintessence; in the 16th century, it was applied in this sense to the spirit of wine (Neo-Latin alcool vini) by Paracelsus and Libavius. In 17th-century iatrochemistry, the v…

Cite this page
Spode, Hasso, “Alcohol consumption”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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