(890 words)

1. Technical developments in the 16th and 17th centuries

The development of artillery pieces operated by gunpowder began as early as the 14th century. Initially, only powerful towns and princes could afford the new weapons. In contemporary German-language texts these were also called Büchsen; they were serviced by Büchsenmeister, members of the guild of smiths, carpenters, or shot-founders. They were frequently aided by…

Cite this page
Quaas, Gerhard, “Artillery”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 19 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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