Barbarian
(1,967 words)

1. Concept

This term, already used by Homer, became a key term in cultural critique from the 14th century onwards. Used polemically, it meant anyone who ignored the values, demands and representatives of humanist education, or indeed opposed them (Bildung; Humanism), or anyone whose social claims to power did not appear legitimated by a corresponding openness to Early Modern culture and to urba…

Cite this page
Grünberger, Hans and Walther, Gerrit, “Barbarian”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 April 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017326>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321



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