Time in the context of music theory means the grouping of a defined, in principle either even or odd number of beats in a unit of time, which since the 17th century has been marked visually by a bar line. It is very closely connected with rhythm, providing the stable basic framework for its individual elaboration, and comprises at least one up-beat and one down-beat (Metrics). The grouping of beats in a bar th…
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“Bar (music)”, in:
Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy.
Consulted online on 18 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028639>