Academic freedom
(1,083 words)

In its original sense, academic freedom meant the rights of a university as a corporation and the privileges its members derived from them. It was based on an imperial privilege from 1158 (Authentica habita) that granted scholars free choice of legal venue at their place of study (libertas scholastica). Initially limited to students in Bologna, because these measures were adopted in papal and imperial university privileges, they came to exert lasting influence on the development of the status of all university members. In 1540, on the basis of ius commune and the customary law of…

Cite this page
Asche, Matthias, “Academic freedom”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 23 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_016671>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321



▲   Back to top   ▲