(945 words)

Biedermeier is the term for the style of art that dominated Central Europe between approximately 1815 and 1830/1835. Its name derives from the fictional “Gottlieb Biedermaier,” a pseudonym under which Adolf Kussmaul andLudwig Eichrodt, from 1855, published poems in the satirical magazine Fliegende Blätter, ridiculing what they considered the prissy smugness of the recent past. Biedermeier found its way into scholarly literature as a (disparaging) stylistic term in the 1890s. The style experienced a rehabilitation from the early 20th century [1]; [3]. Specialist studies be…

Cite this page
Himmelheber, Georg, “Biedermeier”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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