Almoravids
(1,302 words)

The Almoravids (from Ar. al-murābiṭūn, men of the ribāṭ [military-religious stronghold]) were a Ṣanhāja Berber dynasty that conquered much of the western Maghreb (Morocco and western Algeria) and al-Andalus during the second half of the eleventh century. They had adopted a fundamentalist form of Mālikī Islam combined with Sufi mysticism and militant zeal. In 1063, the Almoravid amir Yūsuf ibn Tāshfīn (r. 1061–1106) founded the town of Marrakesh in southern Morocco as his capital, about 25 kilometers (16 miles) north of the older town of Aghmat, which had a sizable Jewish community. He f…

Cite this page
M.J. Viguera, “Almoravids”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 26 June 2017
First published online: 2010



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