Hatt-ı Sherif of Gülhane (Tanzimat Fermanı)
(668 words)

The Hatt-ı Sherif of Gülhâne (Imperial Decree of the Rose Chamber) was an edict (ferman) signed by Sultan Abdülmecid I (r. 1839–1861) on November 3, 1839, and read aloud by Grand Vizier Mustafa Reşid Pasha to an assemblage of bureaucrats, foreign dignitaries, and the heads of the empire’s non-Muslim communities, including Chief Rabbi Moses Fresco (r. 1839–1841), in the Imperial Garden of Gülhâne, outside the walls of the Topkapi Palace. The proclamation came at a time when the Ottoman Empire was severely threatened by the advancing forces of Ibrāhīm Pasha, the son of Mehmet Ali (Mu…

Cite this page
Onur Yildirim, “Hatt-ı Sherif of Gülhane (Tanzimat Fermanı)”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 18 October 2017
First published online: 2010



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