Democracy Ideologies: Iran and Afghanistan
(1,350 words)

Democracy ideologies are based on gendered concepts of citizenship. They define a citizen as a free and autonomous contract-making individual, a property owner, the male citizen. Democracy ideologies exclude women from the state. This exclusion is accentuated by the attempts to separate state and civil society, civil society and the private sphere, and the state and the private sphere. The works of Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–59), the French philosopher and historian, present an example of the gendered character of democracy ideologies. In his much acclaimed work De la démocratie…

Cite this page
Kian-Thiébaut, Azadeh, “Democracy Ideologies: Iran and Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 23 September 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0073c>
First published online: 2009



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