Freedom of Expression: Iran
(1,068 words)

The Constitutional Revolution of 1905–11 was a turning point in the lives of Iranian women. Women participated in huge numbers and gained important sites for expressing their views, including journals, schools, and associations that flourished in the following period (1911–24) (Afary 1996).

The defeat of the Constitutionalists (1921–5) and the consolidation of power by the highly dictatorial Reza Shah (1925–41) had two contradictory impacts. Independent women's journals and groups were destroyed, while the state implemented social refor…

Cite this page
Kazemzadeh, Masoud, “Freedom of Expression: Iran”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 21 July 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_EWICCOM_0081b>
First published online: 2009



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