Religious Associations: Western Europe
(3,034 words)

Associations based on gender and Islam in Western Europe can be divided broadly into three, not necessarily mutually exclusive, categories: (1) informal women's groups with grassroots membership or affiliation, linked to local mosques; (2) associations run by women as the female branch of an international male-dominated association, most often with headquarters…

Cite this page
Vogt, Kari, “Religious Associations: Western Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures, General Editor Suad Joseph. Consulted online on 19 August 2018 <>
First published online: 2009

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