This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 05/04/2006.
Here is the Italian version of this entry.
Socrates was an Argive scholar who lived, according to Halliday (Gr. Quest. Plut., 1928, p. 116) and Griffiths (Plut. De Iside, 1970), in the 2nd c. CE, but in the 3rd c. CE according to Gudeman (Sokrates [n. 3], RE 3A 1 , 804-810).
Socrates wrote On…