Part of Revolution and Restoration:
1. Revolution as a political and historical notion. In constitutional law, revolution is the overthrow of an existing system of government (and law) by means not recognized as legitimate in the system in question, and the establishment of a new system. Revolution is therefore a breach of the law, but where it succeeds it sets up a new order equally binding juridically. Hence revolution is beyond positive law and is primarily envisaged in social and historical studies.
If revolution is regarded as a basic s…