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Nasidius

(205 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[German version] [1] N., L. Cnaeus Pompey's fleet commander in 49 BC Cnaeus Pompeius's fleet commander. In 49 BC he was sent out with a squadron from Dyrrhachium to Massalia to support L. Domitius [I 8] Ahenobarbus (Caes. B Civ. 2,3,1f.. Once there he shirked from a sea battle against D. Iunius [I 12] Brutus Albinus and made his way to Spain without a fight (Caes. B Ci…

Ligurius

(112 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
Uncommon gentilicium name that is unlikely to be related to the tribe of the Ligures and that is epigraphically attested during the Republic in Rome (CIL I2 1092) and Praeneste (CIL I2 1449). …

Mescinius

(101 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
Roman gens, evident in the names of some individuals of the late Republican period, also in the Greak-speaking areas (CIL I2 2247). [German version] [1] M. Rufus, L. Quaestor 51 BC, assigned to Cicero in Cilicia In 51 BC, M was assigned …

Ligarius

(356 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
Roman gens, originally from the Sabine area, from which only a few individuals can be identified, all of those in the troubles of the Civil War. [German version] [1] L., P. Partisan of Pompey, taken prisoner in 49 BC near Ilerda and pardoned when he promised neutrality, executed in 46 AD near Thapsus as he had broken his word Partisan of Pompey. Taken prisoner in 49 BC near Ilerda as an officer in the army of L. Afranius [1] and pardoned when he promised future neutrality. Again among Caesar's adversaries in Thessalia and Africa: Caesar had him, who had…

Marathon running

(402 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[German version] The marathon as an agonistic discipline is an invention of the modern age. Longer foot races than the dólichos (max. 24 stadia = c. 4∙6 km) were not known to antiquity. Just as the dólichos was originally run in the context of the training of messengers ( hēmerodrómoi; dromokḗrykes), the marathon was ultimately part of (military) communication. The ancient tradition regarding the narration of the unique marathon after the Persian battle (490 BC) is scant: according to Plutarch (Mor. 347c) an Athenian hoplite in armour ( hoplitai ) ran from the bat…

Hortensia

(75 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[German version] Daughter of the famous orator Q. Hortensius [7] Hortalus. She is praised for having inherited the abilities of her father (Val. Max. 8,3,3; Quint. Inst. 1,1,6). In 42 BC, H. appeared successfully in the forum as a spokesman for prosperous Roman women against an exceptional war tax imposed by the triumvirs (App. B Civ. 4,135-146). Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) Bibliography M. H. Dettenhofer, Frauen in polit. Krisen, in: Id. (ed.), Reine Männersache?, 1994, 140f.

Mevulanus, C.

(53 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[German version] As military tribune of the consul C. Antonius [I 2] in 63 BC, he conspired with the Catilinarians ( Catilina) at Pisaurum (modern Pesaro). He was later attacked by the quaestor P. Sestius near Capua (Cic. Sest. 9; homonym: ILS 2994). …

Laronius, Q.

(55 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[German version] From Bruttium; in 36 BC, sent to Sicily with three legions by M. Vipsanius Agrippa [1] during the fighting against Sex. Pompeius to support Octavian, and afterwards acclaimed as imperator (CIL X 8041,18). Suffect consul in 33 with L. Vicinius (CIL I…

Pheidippides

(176 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[German version] (Φειδιππίδης; Pheidippídēs). Courier ( hēmeródromos) from Athens, who after the Persians' landing at Marathon (490 BC) was sent to the Lacedaemonians with a request for support troops (Hdt. 6,105f.; Persian Wars); haunted by a vision of Pan on Mount Parthenium in Arcadia, he reached Sparta on the second day (Hdt. 6,105f.). P. is encountered in the later tradition as Latin Phidippus (Nep. Miltiades 4,3) or Philippides (as in poorer manuscripts of Hdt. [1]; Plin. HN 7,84; Plut…

Mescinius

(95 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
Röm. Gens, aus der in spätrepublikanischer Zeit einige Namensträger - u.a. im griech. Raum (CIL I2 2247) - greifbar sind. [English version] [1] M. Rufus, L. Quaestor 51 v. Chr., dem Cicero in Cilicia zugeteilt In Cilicia 51 v.Chr. dem Proconsul Cicero als Quaestor zugeteilt. Spätestens die Differenzen in ihren Rechenschaftsberichten trübten das Verständnis zwischen beiden (Cic. Att. 6,3,1; 4,1; Cic. fam. 5,20). Diese Verstimmung wollte Cicero überspielen (Cic. fam. 5,21,1; 13,28,2), als er M. nach 49 auf den Kurs der Caesargegner einzustimmen trachtete. MRR 2,242. Frigo, Thomas (…

Ligurius

(98 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
Mit dem Stamm der Ligures kaum in Beziehung zu bringender, ungebräuchlicher Gentilname, während der Republik epigraphisch in Rom (CIL I2 1092) und Praeneste (CIL I2 1449) nachweisbar. [English version] [1] L., A. Freund von Caesar und den…

Hortensia

(69 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[English version] Tochter des bekannten Redners Q. Hortensius [7] Hortalus. Man rühmte sie, die Fähigkeiten des Vaters ererbt zu hab…

Nasidius

(158 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)

Marathonlauf

(344 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[English version] M. als agonistische Disziplin ist eine Erfindung der Neuzeit. Längere Laufwettbewerbe als den dólichos (max. 24 Stadien = ca. 4,6 km) kannte die Ant. nicht. So wie der dólichos urspr. im Kontext der Ausbildung von Meldeläufern ( hēmerodrómoi; dromokḗrykes) stand, gehörte auch der M. letztlich zur (mil.) Nac…

Ligarius

(306 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
Ursprüngl. im Sabinischen beheimatete röm. gens, aus der nur wenige Namensträger - allesamt in den Strudeln des Bürgerkriegs - greifbar sind. [English version] [1] L., P. Parteigänger des Pompeius, bei Ilerda 49 v. Chr. gefangen und gegen Versprechen künftiger Neutralität begnadigt, als Wortbrüchiger 46 bei Thapsos hingerichtet Parteigänger des Pompeius. 49 v.Chr. bei Ilerda als Offizier im Heer des L. Afranius [1] gefangen und gegen das Versprechen künftiger Neutralität begnadigt; in Thessalien und Africa wieder unter den Gegnern Caesars, d…

Mevulanus, C.

(45 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[English version] Konspirierte 63 v.Chr. als Kriegstribun des Consul C. Antonius [I 2] mit den Catilinariern (Catilina) in Pisaurum (h. Pesaro); später vom Quaestor P. Sestius bei Capua angegriffen (Cic. Sest. 9; anderer Namensträger: ILS 2994). Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) Bibliography MRR 2,170  Schulze, 215.

Pheidippides

(161 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[English version] (Φειδιππίδης). Meldeläufer ( hēmeródromos) aus Athen, der nach der Landung der Perser bei Marathon (490 v.Chr.) mit einem Gesuch um Truppenhilfe zu den Lakedaimoniern entsandt wurde (Hdt. 6,105f.; Perserkriege); am arkadischen Berg Parthenion von einer Pan-Vision heimgesucht, erreichte er am…

Laronius, Q.

(51 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
[English version] Aus Bruttium; 36 v.Chr. von M. Vipsanius Agrippa [1] während der Kämpfe gegen Sex. Pompeius mit drei Legionen zu Octavians Unterstützung nach Sizilien entsandt und danach als Imperator akklamiert (CIL X 8041,18). 33 Suffektkonsul mit L. Vicinius (CIL I2 p. 66 = Fasti Venusini). Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)

Nasidienus Rufus

(50 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn)
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