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Ouziel, Clément

(330 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Clément (Raḥamim) Ouziel (1867–1955), born in Tatar-Bazardik, Bulgaria, began teaching at the Alliance Israélite Universelle School for Boys in Tunis in 1887. From 1892 he headed the AIU boys school in Haifa and founded the AIU girls’ school there. In 1895 he became principal in Damascus, and in 1898 in Jerusalem. In 1900 he was appointed director of the AIU School for Boys in Tunis, a post which he retained until 1935. In 1905 he opened two AIU schools in Sfax, one for boys and the other for girls, both of which continued to function until around 1963. As director of the School for Boys in Tuni…

Cazès, David

(570 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
David Cazès, (1850–1913), viewed as the doyen of Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) principals, established apprenticeships and workshops in the schools he directed. These enterprises were emulated throughout the AIU system and justified the AIU’s role in promoting the “ régéneration” of Jews in its domain. David Cazès (1850–1913), born in Tetouan, Morocco, ranks as one of the outstanding teachers and directors of the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) educational network. He was among the first students to attend the Ecole Normale Isr…

École Normale Israélite Orientale, Paris

(694 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
When the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) was established in Paris in 1860, one of its goals was to support the emancipation and “moral progress” of the Jewish people. To accomplish this mission, the AIU established a network of schools in the Balkans, the Middle East, and North Africa, and a teacher-training college in Paris for young men (1867) and held classes for young women (1872). The school, the École Normale Israélite Orientale (ENIO), recruited the best students from the AIU schools in “Oriental” lands at ages fourteen or fifteen and brought them to…

Gelbmann, Hortense

(223 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Hortense Cohen Gelbmann (Guelbmann) was an educator in the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) school system. She was born in Hagueneau, province of Alsace, France, in 1861, and died in 1932. After earning the diploma of brevet supérieur (teaching certificate granted after four years of normal school), she was appointed to a teaching post in Tangier, where she remained from 1878 to 1881. She married in 1882, and served as principal of the AIU School for Girls in Tunis from 1896 to 1900, when she was transferred to Salonica as principal of the School for Girls there. She retired in 1918. Gelbm…

Saguès, Albert

(370 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Albert (Abraham) Saguès (1883–1956) was born in Constantinople-Hasköy (Istanbul) to Moïse Nissim and Sarah Sarfati. He was educated at the École Normale Israélite Orientale in Paris, where he earned the brevet supérieur (teaching certification granted upon graduation from four years of normal school) and brevet d'hébreu (diploma for Hebrew, entailing a salary increase). His teaching career with the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) began in Cairo in February 1903 and continued in Hamadan, Iran, in October 1903, and Seneh, Iran in 1904. Saguès …

Cohen-Scali Saguès, Julie

(315 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Julie Cohen-Scali Saguès, born in Oran, Algeria, in 1876, held a brevet élémentaire (teaching certification granted after three years of normal school) and brevet supérieur (certification granted after four years of normal school). From 1900 to 1904, she taught in the Alliance Israélite Universelle School for Girls in Tunis. In 1904 she was appointed principal of the AIU school in Fez, the following year she became the principal of the school in Tangier, and in 1911 she returned to the school where she had begun her career as the first…

Antébi, Henriette Salomon

(357 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Henriette Salomon Antébi was born in 1873 in the town of Château-Salins in the province of Lorraine, France, and died in 1954. With her sister, Lucie Salomon (Navon), she attended the Raucourt boarding school in Châlons-sur-Marne and went on to continue her education in Paris, graduating from the Collège Sévigné secondary school and L’Haÿ-les-Roses. Her studies culminated with the brevet supérieur, a teaching certificate granted after four years of study at a normal school. She and her sister began their educational careers at the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) School for…

Confino, Albert

(407 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Albert Confino (1866–1958) was a teacher, principal, and school inspector in the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) educational network. Born in Carnabat (Karnabat), Bulgaria, Confino was sent along with his brothers to attend the Alliance school in Edirne (Adrianople), in Ottoman Turkey. The principal, Abraham Cazès (1854–1924), was the younger brother of the prominent AIU educator David Cazès (1850–1913). From Edirne Confino went to the Springer Institute in Paris, a Jewish boarding school sometimes used for future AI…

Navon, Albert

(318 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Albert Haim Navon, an educator employed by the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) in North Africa, the Ottoman Empire, and France, rose to become the principal of the AIU teacher-training school for boys in Paris, the Ecole Normale Israélite Universelle (ENIO Auteuil), a post in which he continued for more than twenty years, starting in 1911. Born in Edirne (Adrianople) in 1864, Navon obtained his brevet de capacité (basic teaching certificate) from the AIU’s normal school in Paris, originally located on the rue des Rosiers. He began teaching in Tunis in 1884, and by 1887 was promoted to principal in Samokov, Bulgaria. In 1890 he was a founder-director of vocational education in Tripoli. From 1893 he was administrator-accountant at the vocational school in Jerusalem, but in 1897 moved to Istanbul (Constantinople) as principal of the Constantinople-Balat scho…

Bornstein Guéron, Louise

(380 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Louise Bornstein (Bernstein) Guéron was a teacher and principal in the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) network of schools. She was born in Paris in 1876 and graduated from the AIU teacher-training school there in 1894 with a brevet supérieur (teaching certificate granted after four years of study at a normal school). Her teaching career began in Tunis during the 1894-95 academic year. In 1896 she transferred to Salonica as a teacher and in 1897 became principal. From 1900 to 1911, Bornstein was the principal of the School for Girls in Tunis. In 1905 she married Lazare Guéron, a teach…

Béhar, Rachel

(301 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Rachel Béhar Stein, an outstanding principal in the Alliance Israélite Universelle educational network, was born in Jerusalem in 1859 during the Ottoman period. Her father was an itinerant rabbi with a mystical bent; her mother was a descendant of the eighteenth-century kabbalist Isaac Luria of Safed. Along with her brother Nissim (1848–1930) and her sister Fortunée (Fortuna; 1860–1929), she was one of the first Sephardi students to enroll in the teacher-training program of the Alliance Israélite Universelle. In 1872, Rachel Béhar and her sister began their studies at the Institut B…

Chimènes, Myriam Voley Da Costa

(363 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Myriam Voley (Woley) Da Costa Chimènes was born in the Sephardi community of Bordeaux in southwestern France in 1862. Her husband, Moyse-Gaston Chimènes, a member of the same community, was employed by the Compagnie Génèrale Transatlantique. Among her diplomas was the brevet supérieur (teaching certificate awarded after four years of study at a normal school). She served as principal of the Alliance Israélite Universelle School for Girls in Tunis from 1887 until her dismissal from the AIU school system in 1894. During her years as principal, Chimènes focused on preparing her…

Ungar, Sara

(343 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Sara Ungar (1849–1911), an educator of the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) school network, had the unusual distinction of being born in Bonn, Germany, whereas many of her colleagues hailed from France. She attended the Institut Bischoffsheim, one of the AIU teacher-training schools for women in Paris, where she earned the diploma of brevet supérieur (teaching certification granted after four years at a normal school). In 1882, she founded the AIU School for Girls in Tunis and continued as its principal through 1887. In this capacity she emphasized the teachi…

Pariente, Shemtob

(287 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Shemtob (Semtob, S.T.; J.) Pariente (1849–1907) was an educator in the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) network and director of colonies for the …