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Chronica dominorum regni Siciliae

(242 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
(Chronicle of the rulers of the kingdom of Sicily) later 14th century. Italy. Short anonymous chronicle in Latin prose, compiled annalistically. Preserved in two manuscripts the first (Vatican, BAV, vat. lat. 1994, fol. 187-8), a miscellaneous codex compiled by several copyists, dates back to the 14th century; the second (Florence, BNC, II.II.90, previously catalogued as Magl. VI.172, and as Strozzi 1404, fol. 47v-49) is a miscellaneous 15th-century manuscript written by a single scribe, Eduardo Acciaiuoli, of the well-known Florentine family of the Acciaiuoli…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chiabrera, Giovanni

(192 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Zabreria] d. 1498. Italy. Biographical information about Chiabrera is very scant. Born in Acqui (Piedmont) the son of the notary Corrado Chiabrera, he was a physician and a scholar. His qualities and competence were such that he was held in great repute at the court of the Marquises of Monferrato. He died in 1498. He is associated with a Chronicon, compiled from ca 1476 to 1498, in which events from 1470 relating to the city of Acqui and in particular to the Chiabrera family are narrated. The presence of a very short history of this family before the beginning of the Chronicon suggests that th…
Date: 2016-10-17

Brevis cronica de et super factis insulae Siciliae

(387 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
(Short chronicle about events on Sicily) early 15th century. Italy. A short anonymous dynastic chronicle in Latin prose, assembled in the form of annals. It is preserved in a single codex, written on paper, bound in parchment (Barcelona, Biblioteca de Catalunya, ms. 990, cc. 2-9; the whole manuscript has the following title in Catalan: Recull misceŀlani de textos historiogràfics sobre Sicília). The Brevis cronica should not be confused with the Cronica brevis composita de et super factis insule Sicilie, which is transmitted in the same manuscript. This manuscript belonged…
Date: 2016-10-17

James of Acqui

(591 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Iacobus Aquensis] early 14th century. Italy. A Dominican world chronicler, presumably born in Acqui (Piedmont). His possible identification as Iacobinus de Belengeris de Aquis cited in a document drafted in 1289, and long given as certain, appears debatable today in the light of the scarce information we have, all of which derives from the work Cronica ymaginis mundi to which the name of Acqui is linked. Consequently, if there are doubts about his belonging to the illustrious family of Acqui dei Bellingeri, there is no reason for not identifying him …
Date: 2016-10-17

Michele da Piazza

(340 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Michael Platiensis] 14th century. Italy. Michele's biography is wholly unknown and even his name is uncertain. His identity has been transmitted to us by the scholarly tradition of the 17th century, according to which Michele was native of Piazza Armerina, in Sicily, and belonged to the Franciscans, but none of this personal data is mentioned by the author when he speaks about himself in the Historia sicula which is attributed to him. Moreover this chronicle is anonymous and without a title in the two oldest manuscripts that contain it (Palermo, Biblioteca de…
Date: 2016-10-17

Traversari, Ambrogio

(517 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
16 September 1386 - 21 October 1439. Italy. A Camaldolese monk born in Portico di Romagna, a small town near Forlì (Emilia Romagna). He began his studies in the nearby town of Galatea di Romagna and continued and completed them at the monastery di S. Maria degli Angeli in Florence, which had meanwhile become a humanist centre of the first order in the Florence of the Medici family, and also the seat of the most highly qualified community of Camaldolese monks. There he studied above al…
Date: 2016-10-17

Piccolomini, Eneas Sylvius

(1,262 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Pope Pius II] 1405-64. Italy. An important humanist and a great promoter of the humanist culture, he was born on 18 October 1405 in the village of Corsignano (modern Pienza) near Siena (Tuscany), to a family of ancient lineage and prestige; here he started his education, which he later pursued in Siena. Eager to be in contact with the most idolized humanists of his time, he went to Florence in 1429, where he studied Greek under Francesco Filelfo, and some time later (1431) to Ferrara (E…
Date: 2016-10-17

Cambi, Giovanni

(414 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Giovanni Opportuni] 1458-1535. Italy. Author of a history of Florence. He has often been confused with two other Giovanni Cambi, likewise Florentines, who were members of a well-known merchant family Cambi da Querceto. Our author, who was born in Florence on 21 September 1458, belonged to the ancient Importuni family, the surname of which was later changed by its ancestors to Cambi, following an accusation and condemnation of being Ghibelline. His father, in particular, was a leading f…
Date: 2016-10-17

Annales Siculi

(315 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
(Annals of Sicily) second half of the 13th century. Italy. Latin annalistic compilation relating to events on the island of Sicily between 1027 and 1265. The Annales report impartially enough, with more copious and circumstantial information on the reins of the Kings Frederick II of Swabia (HRE) and Manfred, though they also contain significant errors on the years 1027-52. There is only a small amount of nonetheless interesting information concerning Southern and Northern Italy, mentioned solely due to its relevance to the Sicilian events.The persistent interest in the Sicilia…
Date: 2016-10-17

Lu rebellamentu di Sichilia

(323 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
(The rebellion of Sicily) 14th century. Italy. Sicilian vulgar. Anonymous town chronicle in prose, probably by an author from Messina, written in the second half of the century. It relates the events that occurred between 1279 and October 1282, immediately before the Sicilian Vespers. Although it contains many historical elements, they are narrated in a romanticized way, focussing on Giovanni da Procida, shown as the main author of the Vespers conspiracy. The chronicle is particularly interesting because of the role of deus ex machina attributed to Procida, being the only Sici…
Date: 2016-10-17

Cagnola, Giovan Pietro

(306 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Zohanepetro; Zoan Petro; Gian Pietro] ca 1430-after 1519. Italy. An almost unknown character, on whom biographical information is scant. The short rubric at the beginning of his work, Storia di Milano, notes that he was a castellan of the Rocca of Sartirana-Lomellina (Lombardia).The Storia di Milano (History of Milan) was dedicated to Prince Maria Sforza Visconti (1452-1508), Duke of Milan, in 1519. It is a work in prose in nine books, written in Italian Vulgar, and narrates the events of the history of city of Milan from the times of the…
Date: 2016-10-17

Malaspina, Saba

(607 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
13th century. Italy. Author of a chronicle of the Kingdom of Sicily in ten books. One of the most important souces for the history of southern Italy.Malaspina indicates his Roman origin in the explicit of his Chronica, in which he declares he is de Urbe. Many biographical elements, though, remain unknown, such as the Studium where he achieved the rank of magister, or the quality of his university studies, and even Rome as his place of birth and the Roman Malaspina family as his family environment are no more than probabilities. He moved to the Kingdom of …
Date: 2016-10-17

Niccolò Speciale il Giovane

(521 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Nicolaus Specialis Junior] d. 1444. Italy. Born in Noto (Sicily), he was viceroy of Sicily and lord of Paternò, Ispica, Castelluzzo, Granerio, Cassibile, S. Marco, Celso, Monte Climisi and Cipolla (Sicily). He was a member of the same Speciale family that had given birth to Niccolò Speciale il Vecchio; he was a scholar, a jurist and a politician. Thanks to his personal qualities he rose at the court of King Alfonso V the Magnanimous of Aragon (1416-58), who held him in such repute that …
Date: 2016-10-17

Cronica Sanese

(435 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
17th century. Italy. A town chronicle in Italian vernacular, which was published by Uberto Benvoglienti as " Chronicon Senense by Andrea Dei and continued by Agnolo or Angelo di Tura", and was passed off as an early 14th century town chronicle of Siena (Tuscany) in the edition published in the early 18th century by Muratori in Rerum Italicarum Scriptores. The philological analysis carried out in the first years of the 20th century has revealed that it is in fact an anonymous 17th century text.The attribution to Andrea Dei goes back to the antiquarian Celso Cittadini (1553-1627…
Date: 2016-10-17

Niccolò Speciale il Vecchio

(362 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Nicolaus Specialis Senior] 13th-14th century. Italy. The 17th-century scholarly tradition believed Niccolò to be from Messina (Antonino Amico), whereas the 18th-century tradition has it that he came from Noto in Sicily (Rocco Pirri). His only biographical data are drawn from the Historia sicula which he wrote, but never completed, probably because he died, and in which, speaking of himself, he states that he witnessed an eruption of Mount Etna in 1329 and took part in a legation sent by King Frederick III to Pope Benedict XII, in 1334 …
Date: 2016-10-17

Cronachetta Sicula del secolo XIV

(163 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
(Sicilian chronicle of the fourteenth century) later 14th century. Italy. Very short anonymous chronicle in Latin prose, organized as a book of annals. It is preserved in a single manuscript (Rome, BAV, vat. lat. 4435) and refers to events relating to the Island of Sicily, between 1364 and 1374. It is not particularly remarkable, partly because of its brevity and partly because it reports minor events of no great importance in terms of historical reconstruction. The only noteworthy piece of information…
Date: 2016-10-17

Ramusio, Giovanni Battista

(339 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
[Ramusio Veneziano] 1485-1557. Italy. Son of the Trevisan Paolo Ramusio, magistrate of the Republic of Venice, he embarked on a brilliant political career in the same town which led him to become a confidant of the Doge at the age of only thirty (1505), and from 1515 secretary of the Council of Ten, as well as ambassador of the Serenissima in France. He was noted for his versatility and openness to the most diverse cultural interests; he was a pupil of the philosopher Pietro Pomponazzi (Mantua 1462 - Bologna 1525) and collaborated with the Venetian prin…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicon Siculum 820-1343

(598 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
later 14th century. Italy. An anonymous Latin dynastic chronicle, by probably by an author from Palermo, given the frequent references to this city. It was probably written without interruption some time after 1343 – the year the narration ends – and refers to events relating to southern Italy between 820 ad and 1343. The interest of the "Anonymous of Palermo" or "Sicilian Anonymous" – so called to distinguish him from the Vatican anonymous and from the anonymous authors from Messina and Catania – is focused on the Kingdom of Sicily. It covers …
Date: 2016-10-17

Malvezzi, Iacopo

(404 words)

Author(s): Lamboglia, Rosanna
ca 1380 - ca 1454. Italy. Physician from Brescia and member of a family of professionals engaged in many fields (physicians, notaries, lawyers, judges). He practised medicine, although he became a councillor of the Brescia Commune in the second semester of 1427, and again in January of 1428. After many attempts, his request to become a physician paid by the Commune was accepted in December 1433, and this ensured him some financial stability which amounted to an annual pension of 72 fiorini, which he drew till his death. Local histories gives various dates for his death, but …
Date: 2016-10-17