Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Lewicki, T." ) OR dc_contributor:( "Lewicki, T." )' returned 88 results. Modify search


Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Baraka

(245 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
al-ʿUmānī , commonly called Ibn Baraka , Ibāḍite author from the township of Bahlā in ʿUmān. The precise dates of his life are not known, but an ʿUmānī Ibāḍite writer, Ibn Mudād, regards him as a disciple and partisan of the imām Saʿīd b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Maḥbūb, killed in 328/939-40. He himself played a considerable part in the political life of ʿUmān and composed several historical and juridical works, of which only the following are extant: 1. al-Ḏj̲āmiʿ , on the principles of law; 2. al-Muwāzana , on the condition of ʿUmān at the time of the imam al-Ṣalt b. …

al-Bug̲h̲ṭūrī

(276 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, maḳrīn b. muḥammad , Ibāḍite historian and biographer born in the village of Bug̲h̲ṭūra (also: Buḳṭūra) in the western region of the D̲j̲abal Nafūsa [ q.v.]. According to the Kitāb al-Siyar of Abu ’l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Abī ʿUt̲h̲mān al-S̲h̲ammāk̲h̲ī [ q.v.], an important historical and biographical Ibāḍite work of the 10th/16th century, al-Bug̲h̲ṭūrī was a pupil of two scholars of Ibāḍite history and biography, namely Abū Yaḥyā Tawfīḳ b. Yaḥyā al-D̲j̲anāwunī and Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Masḳūd (also called al…

al-Ḳazwīnī

(2,571 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, zakariyyāʾ b. muḥammad b. maḥmūd Abū Yaḥyā (Hād̲j̲d̲j̲i K̲h̲alīfa, iv, 188-9: Muḥammad b. Maḥmūd al-Kūfī al-Ḳazwīnī), famous Arab cosmographer and geographer. He drew his origin from an Arab family (his ancestor, S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Abu ’l-Ḳāsim b. Hibat Allāh al-Ḳazwīnī, was probably descended from Anas b. Malik [ q.v.]), who had been Persianised after settling at Kaẓwīn in Persia. Judging from certain solecisms to be found in al-Ḳazwīnī’s works, Arabic does not seem to have been his mother tongue. He was born at Ḳazwīn, probably towards 600/1203 and seems to have received ther…

D̲j̲ādū

(1,412 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
(djado), the old capital of the eastern region of the D̲j̲abal Nafūsa in Tripolitania, nowadays a large village in the Fassāṭō district situated on three hills of unequal height. The population of about 2,000—towards the end of the 19th century there were 500 houses—mostly consists of Berbers of the Ibāḍī tribe of Nafūsa. The ruins of the old town are nothing but a pile of broken stones and caves with a mosque in the centre. Near the mosque was formerly the business quarter and the market ( sūḳ ), near which one can still see today the site of the Jewish quart…

Maṭmāṭa

(2,599 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, name of a large Berber people mentioned as early as the middle of the 3rd/9th century in the geographical work of Ibn K̲h̲urradād̲h̲bih as being among the thirty most important Berber tribes of this period. According to the majority of Berber genealogists cited by Ibn K̲h̲aldūn (including Sābiḳ al-Maṭmāṭī), the Maṭmāṭa, who were brothers of the Maṭg̲h̲ara, Ṣadīna, Malzūza, Madyūna and Lamāya, belonged to the great Berber family of the Butr; they constituted, with the above-mentioned tribes, th…

Ibn D̲j̲aʿfar

(148 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, Abū D̲j̲ābir Muḥammad b D̲j̲aʿfar al-Azkawī , Ibāḍī scholar of ʿUmān, d. 281/894. He was the author of an important work of fiḳh entitled Kitāb al-D̲j̲āmiʿ and usually known as D̲j̲āmiʿ Ibn D̲j̲aʿfar to distinguish it from the other Ibāḍī works with the same title. This work is still unpublished; there are several manuscripts of it in the Mzāb, the earliest of them dated 914/1508. Ibn D̲j̲aʿfar also took part in the political events of his time as supporter of the imām al-Ṣalt b. Mālik. (T. Lewicki) Bibliography A. de C. Motylinski, Bibliographie du Mzab, in Bulletin de Correspondance Afr…

Mag̲h̲īla

(1,236 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, a Berber tribe belonging to the great branch of the Butr and related, if one is to believe the ancient Berber traditions cited by Ibn K̲h̲aldūn. to the tribes of Ḍarīsa, Saṭfūra, Lamāya, Maṭmāṭa, Ṣadīna, Malzūza and Madyūna who lived, in the early Middle Ages, in eastern Barbary. It is also apparently in the same region that the ancient habitat of Mag̲h̲īla is to be sought in the period in question. According to the Berber traditions cited by various early Arab historians, the Mag̲h̲īla, after coming from Palestine into North Africa, reached…

Ibn al-Ṣag̲h̲īr

(357 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, historian, author of a chronicle on the Rustamid imāms of Tāhert. His work forms the earliest document on the Ibāḍis of North Africa which has survived up to the present, with the exception of extracts from the work of Ibn Salām b. ʿUmar [ q.v.]. The chronicle of Ibn al-Ṣag̲h̲īr was very highly esteemed by the Ibāḍī historians of the Mag̲h̲rib, two of whom, al-Barrādī [ q.v.] and al-S̲h̲ammāk̲h̲ī [ q.v.] quote large extracts from it. His opinions concerning the Ibāḍīs of Tāhert and particularly the Rustamids were certainly not hostile, in spite of an anti-Ibāḍī s…

al-Dard̲j̲īnī

(1,028 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
Abu ’l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Saʿīd b. Sulaymān b. ʿAlī b. Īk̲h̲laf , an Ibāḍi jurist, poet and historian of the 7th/13th century, author of a historical and biographical work on the Ibāḍīs, the Kitāb Ṭabaḳāt al-Mas̲h̲āyik̲h̲ . He belonged to a pious and learned Berber-Ibāḍī family from Tamīd̲j̲ār, a place in the D̲j̲abal Nafūsa in Tripolitania. His ancestor, al-Ḥād̲j̲d̲j̲ Īk̲h̲laf b. Īk̲h̲laf al-Nafūsī al-Tamīd̲j̲ārī, an eminent faḳīh , lived in the neighbourhood of Nefṭa in the D̲j̲arīd [ q.v.]. Son of Īk̲h̲laf, the pious ʿAlī, who lived in the second half of the 6th/12th cent…

Abū G̲hānim Bis̲h̲r b. G̲h̲ānim al-K̲h̲urāsānī

(217 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, eminent Ibāḍī lawyer of the end of the 2nd/8th and the beginning of the 3rd/9th century, a native of Ḵh̲urāsān. On his way to the Rustamid imām ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (168-208/784-823) at Tāhart, to offer him his book al-Mudawwana , he stayed with the Ibāḍī s̲h̲ayk̲h̲ , Abū Ḥafṣ ʿAmrūs b. Fatḥ, of Ḏj̲abal Nafūsa, who rendered a service to Ibāḍī literature by conserving in the Mag̲h̲rib a copy of the work. The Mudawwana of Abū G̲h̲ānim is the oldest Ibāḍī treatise on general jurisprudence, according to the teaching of Abū ʿUbayda Muslim al-Tamīmī (d. under al-Manṣūr, 136-58/754-75; cf. ibāḍiyya …

Malzūza

(436 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, an ancient Berber people belonging to the branch of the Butr, and to the family of Ḍarīsa, who most probably lived in Tripolitania. If we are to believe Ibn K̲h̲aldūn (8th/14th century) and his sources, the Berber genealogists, the Malzūza were descendants of Fāṭin, son of Tamzīt, son of Ḍarī (eponym of the Ḍarīsa) and were the sister-tribe of the important Berber tribes of the Maṭg̲h̲ara, the Lamāya, the Ṣadīna, the Kūmiya, the Madyūna, the Mag̲h̲īla, the Maṭmāṭa, the Kas̲h̲āna (or Kas̲h̲āta) and the Dūna. The major…

Maḥbūb b. al-Raḥīl al-ʿAbdī

(368 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, Abu Sufyān , Ibāḍī theologian and historian, originally from the Arabic tribe of the Banū ʿAbd al-Ḳays, who lived in the 2nd/8th century and who is cited in the Kitāb Ṭabaḳāt al-mas̲h̲āyik̲h̲ of al-Dard̲j̲īnī (d. 670/1227 [ q.v.]) amongst the scholars of the fourth ṭabaḳa or class. His family came originally from ʿIrāḳ (his grandfather al-Malīḥ al-ʿAbdī was one of the close friends of the head of the Ibāḍī community in Baṣra, the famous Abu ʿUbayda Muslim b. Abī Karīma al-Tamīmī [see al-ibāḍiyya ]), and he first lived in ʿUmān. Then he settled in Baṣra, …

al-Ibāḍiyya

(15,273 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, one of the main branches of the K̲h̲ārid̲j̲īs [ q.v.], representatives of which are today found in ʿUmān, East Africa, Tripolitania (D̲j̲abal Nafūsa and Zuag̲h̲a) and southern Algeria (Wargla and Mzab). The sect takes it name from that of one of those said to have founded it, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ibāḍ al-Murrī al-Tamīmī. The form usually employed is Abāḍiyya; this is true not only of North Africa ( e.g., in the D̲j̲abal Natūsa, cf. A. de C. Motylinski, Le Djebel Nefousa , Paris 1898-9, 41 and passim ), where it is attested in the 9th/15th century by the Ibāḍī writer al-Barrādī ( Kitāb Ḏj̲awāhir al-mun…

Misrāta

(1,121 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
or miṣrāta , also Mesrāta, important Berber tribe belonging to the branch of the Hawwāra [ q.v.] of the Barānis (Brānès) group. According to Ibn K̲h̲aldūn, to whom most of the information concerning this people is owed, the Misrāta derived their origin from a certain Meld, who was the son of Awrīg̲h̲, son of Barānis and the brother of the Hawwāra. According to Ibn Ḥazm, and also according to the Berber genealogist Sābiḳ b. Sulaymān, both quoted by Ibn K̲h̲aldūn, the Misrāta and other families descended from Meld, inc…

Mazāta

(5,565 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, the name of an ancient and powerful Berber people which belonged to the great tribal family of the Lawāta [ q.v.]. According to Ibn Ḵh̲aldūn. who makes brief mention of the Mazāta in his Histoire des Berbères , they constituted an important branch descended from Zayr, son of Lawā, ancestor of the Lawāta. According to Ibn Ḥawḳal (4th/10th century), the Mazāta and the Lawāta belonged to the major Berber tribal group of the Zanāta. Yet another historian of the Berbers, Ibn Ḥazm (d. 456/1064), considers the Mazāt…

Ibn ʿAbd al-Munʿim al-Ḥimyarī

(1,235 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
(or rather al-s̲h̲ayk̲h̲ al-faḳīh al-ʿadl Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Abī ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Abī Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh Ibn ʿAbd al-Munʿim b. ʿAbd al-Nūr al-Ḥimyarī , author of the important Arabic geographical dictionary entitled Kitāb al-Rawḍ al-miʿṭār fi k̲h̲abar al-aḳṭār . Nothing is known of this writer apart from the facts that he came from the Mag̲h̲rib and that he was a jurisconsult ( faḳīh ) and a ḳāḍī’s assessor or notary ( ʿadl ). E. Lévi-Provençal was responsible for the discovery and the publication of a large part of his work ( La péninsule Ibérique au Moyen Age , d’après le Kitāb…

al-Ḏj̲ayṭālī

(582 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
(also al-D̲j̲īṭālī , var. al-Ḏj̲iṭālī ), Abū Ṭāhir Ismāʿīl b. Mūsā , celebrated Ibāḍite scholar who was a native of Īd̲j̲ayṭāl (also Īd̲j̲īṭāl or D̲j̲iṭāl), an ancient village of the D̲j̲abal Nafūsa still there today and now called Id̲j̲eyṭal or D̲j̲eyṭal. The date of his birth is unknown. However, we know that he was a pupil of the S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ ʿĪsā b. Mūsā al-Ṭarmīsī, who lived in the second half of the 7th/13th century. For some time he taught at Mazg̲h̲ūra (today Mezg̲h̲ūra or Timezg̲h̲ūra) in the eastern p…

al-Mazātī

(1,009 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, Abu ’l-Rabīʿ Sulaymān b. Yak̲h̲laf , famous Ibāḍī historian, theologian and jurisconsult. He was a member, as his nisba indicates, of the Berber tribe of Mazāta [ q.v.], probably from the branch who lived in the mountains of south-east Tunisia beside the tribes of the Lawāta and Zanzafa. All these tribes were living around a district which was called Tāmūlast but whose exact location eludes us and which was, in all probability, the place from which Abu ’l-Rabīʿ originated. It is, indeed, in this locality that there lived…

Banū Īfran

(6,375 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
(or Ifran , Ifrān , Ufrān Ūfrān etc.). the most important branch of the large Berber tribe of the Zenāta (Zanāta [ q.v.]). According to the writings, now lost, of three Berber genealogists used by Ibn K̲h̲aldūn, namely Sābiḳ b. Sulaymān al-Maṭmāṭī, Hanīʾ b. Masdūr al-Kūmī and Kaḥlān b. Abī Luwā, the Banū Īfran are descended from Īṣlitan (also Yaṣlitan), son of Misrā, son of Zākiyā, son of Wardīran (or of Wars̲h̲īk), son of Adīdat. According to the same tradition, Zākiyā was the brother of Dammar (Demmer), the eponymo…

Mag̲h̲rāwa

(11,854 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, a major confederation of Berber tribes belonging to the Butr group and forming the most powerful branch of the family of the Zanāta. The ascendancy, real or imaginary, of this confederation is traced back to Mag̲h̲rāw, who is said to have been, according to the mediaeval Berber genealogists, the ancestor of the Mag̲h̲rāwa as such. Following the Arab and Berber sources utilised in the 8th/14th century by Ibn K̲h̲aldūn in his History of the Berbers , the “cradle” of the Mag̲h̲rāwa and “the ancient seat of their power” was the territory located on t…
▲   Back to top   ▲