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Genitive Absolute

(2,379 words)

Author(s): Michel Buijs
Abstract A genitive absolute (gen. abs.) is a construction consisting of, at least, a ptc. in the genitive case, and, usually, a noun in the genitive case agreeing with the ptc. in gender and number. The construction is called ‘absolute’ because the noun in the genitive case does not perform a syntactic function in the matrix clause; this noun performs the syntactic function of the subject of the participial predicate. The ptc. is characterized for diathesis and either for verbal aspect (pres., a…
Date: 2013-11-01

Participle

(2,233 words)

Author(s): Michel Buijs
Abstract A participle (ptc.) is, as part of the Greek verbal system, characterized for diathesis and either for verbal aspect (pres., aor., or pf. ptc.), or for tense (fut. ptc.); at the same time, it shows nominal features, as it is characterized for case, number and gender. As such, it takes a position in between the adjective and the verb, and is therefore often regarded as a verbal adjective. Arguments and peripheral elements like adjuncts or disjuncts can be added to the participial nuclear predication. A ptc. can be negated; the negative is ou, but it is mḗ when the ptc. expresses a c…
Date: 2013-11-01