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Genealogy of the Earls of Brecknock

(169 words)

Author(s): Spence, John
mid-13th century. Wales. Brief Anglo-Norman account of the lives of the lords of Brecknock (i.e. Brecon) from the late 11th century to 1232. It begins with a translation into Anglo-Norman from Gerald of Wales's Itinerarium Kambriæ about the catastrophic consequences stemming from the adultery of the wife of the first lord, Bernard de Neufmarché. It is preserved in one manuscript (London, BL, Cotton Julius D.x), which also contains the Latin Chronicles of Lanthony Priory with some overlapping material. William Dugdale printed both texts for the first time in Monasticon Anglicanum (16…
Date: 2016-10-17

Rauf de Boun

(237 words)

Author(s): Spence, John
fl. 1309. England. Canon of St Paul's cathedral and probably either the son or grandson of Humphrey de Bohun the fifth, Earl of Hereford (d. 1274). At the request, he states, of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln (1249-1311), he wrote Le Petit Bruit, a history of England in Anglo-Norman prose from Brutus to the death of Edward I. Its notable and unusual rewriting of legendary British history and English history makes it difficult to identify Rauf's sources, although there are similarities with the Livere de Reis de Britannie and Genealogical Chronicles in Anglo-Norman in the "feudal ma…
Date: 2016-10-17

Brut Abregé

(216 words)

Author(s): Spence, John
ca 1307. England. Anglo-Norman prose chronicle, clearly derived from a metrical source, though it is unclear whether this was the Short English Metrical Chronicle, or whether these works share a common Anglo-Norman verse source. Both contain a distinctive rewriting of the "legendary history of Britain" differing from Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britannie. Vortigern (Fortiger) is the son of Bladuk, and Merlin builds Stonehenge in the time of King Dunwolde, father of Belin and Brenne – all long before the Romans come to Britain. Uther Pen…
Date: 2016-10-17

Mohun Chronicle

(200 words)

Author(s): Spence, John
post-1327. England. An incomplete Anglo-Norman prose chronicle probably written by the Cistercian Abbot of Newenham in Devon, for Joan de Mohun, wife of John de Mohun V (d. 1375). One medieval manuscript survives: London, BL, add. 62929. It contains a prologue that draws on Wace's Roman de Rou and an Old French translation of Pseudo-Turpin; a unique and unusual version of Albine's arrival in England derived ultimately from Dez Grantz Geanz; chronicles of emperors and popes based upon Martin of Opava's Chronicon Pontificium et Imperatorem. Lost sections would have recounted arch…
Date: 2016-10-17

Delapré Chronicle

(202 words)

Author(s): Spence, John
ca 1237. England. Incomplete Anglo-Norman prose chronicle, a possible source for the Latin Vita et Passio Sancti Waldevi, which traces the earls of Huntingdon from Siward, Earl of Northumbria (d. 1055) and recounts events involving the Cluniac nunnery of Delapré (or St. Mary de la Pré), Northampton, of which these earls were patrons. It was probably produced by Delapré Abbey to help secure lands for King Alexander II of Scotland in 1237, a claim connected to the nunnery's own dispute over lands. The lively narra…
Date: 2016-10-17

Wigmore Abbey Chronicles

(243 words)

Author(s): Spence, John
13th/14th century, late 14th century and 15th century. England. Three chronicles in Anglo-Norman and Latin, written at and for the Augustinian Abbey (Canons Regular) of Wigmore in Herefordshire.1) The Anglo-Norman Wigmore Abbey Chronicle is a rare narrative of the lengthy foundation and early endowments of a 12th-century religious house; it also contains much information on the Mortimer family who were the Abbey's main patrons. The account ends in the mid-13th century, and it is bound with extensive Latin Mortimer genealogies in the sole surviving late 14th-century manuscript, U…
Date: 2016-10-17