A History of the Desire for Christian Unity Online

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Edited by: Luca Ferracci

A History of the Desire for Christian Unity. Ecumenism in the Churches (19th–21st Century) is a multi-volume reference work on the history of ecumenism. The ecumenical movement is understood as a twentieth-century movement of European origin with a global reach. This reference work is a reconstruction of the arc of time in which the Christian churches transitioned from a position of hostility to one of dialogue, and from separation to forms of communion. Scholars across the continents and disciplines explore a history of individuals and groups, generations and assemblies, documents and programs, theologies and practices, all firmly placed within the framework of a desire for unity.

More information: Brill.com

9. Unions, Alliances and World Communions in the Protestant World, 19th Century

(7,872 words)

Author(s): Friedrich, Martin
In: Volume 1 Dawn of Ecumenism | Part II. Prehistory: The Challenges of Modernity previous chapter 1 Introduction The Reformation, which had once set out to renew the one (Western) Church, not only led to a schism between Catholics and Protestants but also to further separations and divisions among the latter. Even before Luther’s death, the division into a Lutheran and Reformed wing had already become firmly established. The “radical” (i.e. non-magisterial) Reformation of the 16th century also led to the emergen…

25. Unto the Churches of Christ Everywhere: The Ecumenical Patriarchate’s 1920 Encyclical

(12,186 words)

Author(s): Tsompanidis, Stylianos
In: Volume 1 Dawn of Ecumenism | Part III. Beginnings: Movements Become a Movement previous chapter 1 The Ecumenical Movement: The Greatest and Most Valuable Effort Since the mid-19th century, the birth and development of the ecumenical movement have been inextricably intertwined with the historical circumstances that marked the emergence of the contemporary age, particularly with its tensions and crises. Furthermore, it may be argued that the ecumenical movement became one of the ways in which the churches responded to the challenges of modernity, especially as it developed in the 20th century: industrialization, the fall of the great empires, internationalism, secularization, colonialism, global economic crises, the rise of fascism, and the two world wars. The hope connected to the birth of the ecumenical movement was one of a renewal of the church, attained after finally overcoming the boundaries between ecclesial traditions, confessions, and peoples. In short, in a certain sense the development of the ecumenical movement can be seen as an effort by the Christian churches, first and foremost by the Protestant and Orthodox ones, to face m…