The Brill Dictionary of Religion

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.

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(1,173 words)

Author(s): Harwazinski, Assia Maria
Etymology 1. In its basic denotation, the Arabic word jihad means ‘exertion,’ or ‘effort in the direction of a certain goal,’ and appears in the Qur'an, in the majority of cases, in the context of military ‘exertion along the way of God.’ It is important that the Meccan suras of the Qur'an preach patience when it comes to attacks on the Muslim community, while in the Medinan suras the right to repel attacks appears; it finally became a prescribed duty to subdue enemies. The prevailing military meaning of the jihad in the first century of the hijra (Islamic reckoning of time) is connected w…