The Brill Dictionary of Religion

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

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The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.

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(1,269 words)

Author(s): Kuske, Silvia
Biographical Data 1. Ruhollah Musawi Khomeini, born on September 24, 1902 in Khomein (Iran), who died on June 3, 1989, was the spiritual and political leader of the Iranian Revolution of 1979. After studying religion in the sacred city of Qom, Khomeini achieved the title of a Mujtahid (→ Iran). He first came to public attention in 1943, when he criticized the deposed Shah for his dictatorial exercise of power and his sellout of Iranian interests to foreign powers. In 1963, now with the rank of Gre…

Kitsch, Religious

(967 words)

Author(s): Lutz, Bernd
‘Kitsch’ versus Art 1. An ‘aesthetics ready for occupancy,’ is what Gillo Dorfles called kitsch; ‘evil in art,’ Hermann Broch; tastelessness, lack of character (‘tricky subject’), pseudo-art, a contradiction between form and function—are what others have called it since. Nevertheless: “Of the inclination to kitsch, no one is free. Any superiority is therefore uncalled for” (Eberhard Roters). The word ‘kitsch,’ unclear in its origin, emerges in Southern Germany in 1870, and has since become an inter…