The Brill Dictionary of Religion

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

Help us improve our service

The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.

Subscriptions: see


(1,651 words)

Author(s): Beyreuther, Sabine
1. The ancient imperial city of Kyôto, in the Western part of the great island of Honshu, southwest of the Biwa Lake, was the capital of Japan from 794 to 1868. Its founder, Kammu Tennô (781–806), had the city with the historical name of Heiankyô (‘Capital of Peace’), or Miyako (‘Imperial Residence’) laid out like a chessboard, after the exemplar of Chinese metropolis Ch'ang-an (today Xi'an). Like its model city, Kyôto had its Imperial Palace, with the seat of government, in the North, protected…