The Brill Dictionary of Religion

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.

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Women's Movement/Spiritual Feminism

(3,182 words)

Author(s): Schenkluhn, Angela
1. As early as the mid-1970s, chronologically parallel to the emergence and spread/extension of → New Age religious movements, concepts of → magic and → spirituality acquired a greater importance. A spiritual feminism, as an umbrella concept for a multiplicity of forms of belief and expression, has emerged from the new, autonomous women's movement. It is a political, and religious and/or spiritual movement at the same time. The spectrum of subjects involved in an overview of female spirituality …


(1,640 words)

Author(s): Kehrer, Günter
The ‘Tool-Making Animal’ 1. a) Work is human activity with the goal of producing what is necessary or useful for the existence of the individual and his or her kin. For this purpose, the working individual must enter into a conscious process of confrontation with nature, and thus, always alter natural circumstances. The simplest example to use for an explanation of this state of affairs is the production of tools. Thus, one of the most pregnant definitions of the human being is his and her specific…


(2,346 words)

Author(s): Kubota, Hiroshi
Writing and Reading as Cultural Techniques 1. The point in time at which the human being began to register data in writing can be referred to some 3,000 years before Christ. Naturally, the act of writing was possible before the invention of writing—by scratching, painting, etc., individual signs—probably as early as the Paleolithic. But it is undisputed that only the invention and application of writing, as a comprehensive code and means of preservation—for the storing and expansion of speech-connecte…