Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Cataphrygians

(2,783 words)

Author(s): Maritano, Mario
The name Cataphrygians was given to the followers of Montanus, a name derived from the place where this movement originated, between Phrygia and Mysia, in the second half of the 2nd century CE (see Markschies, 2012, 1197–1199; Berruto Martone, 1999, 127–130). From the beginning, ancient Christian authors used the expression “the Phygrian heresy” (Eus. Hist. eccl. 5.16.1; 5.18.1; 6.20.3), or even more briefly “Phrygians” (Clem. Strom. 4.93.1; 7.108.2; Anonimus ap. Eus. Hist. eccl. 5.16.22), “according to the Phrygians” (Epiph. Haer. 48.1.1; 48.1.3; 49.1; in Lat.
Date: 2020-09-21

Catechesis

(5,921 words)

Author(s): Day, Juliette J.
Catechesis (κατήχησις = catechesis, instruction; from κατηχεῖν = to teach or instruct orally) originally referred to any oral teaching, but in Christianity was applied exclusively to the instruction given to new Christians usually in connection with baptism. Latin adopted these Greek terms within an entirely Christian context to give catechizare, catechismus, catechumenus. Discerning the origin and development of early Christian catechesis is complicated by the application of these terms: is catechesis instruction that is only given to catechumens, or is its application much broader to include all and any instruction given as part of the process of Christian initiation? Contemporary interpretations of the use and content of catechesis have also perpetuated the ambiguity by applying it exclusively to the prebaptismal phase of instruction, or have included within …
Date: 2020-09-21

Catenae

(1,824 words)

Author(s): Auwers, Jean-Marie
Biblical catenae (from Lat. catena, chain) are exegetical tools where the sacred text is accompanied by a continuous commentary made up entirely of excerpts from patristic authors. The biblical text (sometimes with hexaplaric readings incorporated in the margins or between the lines) is divided into units called biblical lemmata (which may extend over several modern verses, or simply consist of a single phrase); each lemma is commented on by a variable number of extracts (called scholia). The names …
Date: 2020-09-21

Celsus

(3,123 words)

Author(s): Jacobsen, Anders-Christian
The identity of the Celsus who wrote the treatise Alêthês Logos, or the True Word, is blurred, among other things because his text is only known from Origen’s Contra Celsum, and because there were other famous persons by the name Celsus who have been confused with the author of Alêthês Logos.In Cels. 1.8, Origen says…
Date: 2020-09-21

Celtic Liturgy

(2,487 words)

Author(s): Ritari, Katja
The term “Celtic liturgy” is used to refer to the early medieval liturgy in the Celtic-speaking lands; however, there was never a distinctive Celtic church, nor even uniform practice within the Celtic-speaking world of Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Brittany, and Gaul. Early Christians in the Celtic-speaking regions considered themselves to be members of the universal Catholic Church just as everyone else. In the early Middle Ages, there was regional variety in liturgy and ecclesiastical practice amo…
Date: 2020-09-21

Cemetery

(6,185 words)

Author(s): Chavarría Arnau, Alexandra
The study of cemeteries involves a wide set of aspects, ranging from geographical location, architecture, and how graves were made to grave goods, the manner of burial, and the analysis of the skeletons.Most researchers today agree that, between the end of the west Roman Empire and 1000 CE, an individual might be buried in diverse locations, either in or around towns and in the countryside. There was considerable topographical continuity with respect to previous Roman burial areas, which were located outside settlements (citie…
Date: 2020-09-21

Cerdo

(1,021 words)

Author(s): Marjanen, Antti
Cerdo was a Christian teacher, generally held to be a gnostic, who flourished at Rome in the time of Hyginus (136–140 CE), simultaneously with Valentinus and Marcion and somewhat earlier than Justin Martyr. If Cerdo committed anything in writing, nothing has been preserved of his texts. According to Epiphanius of Salamis ( Haer. 41.1.1) and Filastrius of Brescia ( Haer. 44), he was an immigrant from Syria. This information is uncertain, however, and may simply have its origin in Irenaeus of Lyon’s report according …
Date: 2020-09-21

Cerinthus

(2,652 words)

Author(s): Myllykoski, Matti
As many other so-called heretics, Cerinthus is known to us only through writings of those Christian teachers who had nothing good to say about him. Furthermore, none of these critics was contemporary to this disputed figure of the early 2nd-century CE Christianity in…
Date: 2020-09-21
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