Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Demetrian of Antioch

(789 words)

Author(s): Maritano, Mario
Demetrian was elected bishop of Antioch in 253 CE in succession to Fabian (see Eus. Hist. eccl. 6.46.4 and 7.14; Chron. Olym 258.1). He actively opposed the heresy of Novatus, a rigorous heretic as regards penance (see Eus. Hist. eccl. 7.5.1; see Sisto, 1994). In 256 CE the Persians, led by King Shapur I, invaded Antioch and deported the inhabitants of various cities to Persia. Even Bishop Demetrian, together with many inhabitants of Antioch, was confined to the city of Bendoshapur/Gundaisabur (see Peeters, 1924; Chaumont, 1986, 119–…
Date: 2020-09-21

Deogratias

(1,448 words)

Author(s): Fournier, Éric
Deogratias (of Carthage; 454–457 CE) was one of the few Nicene bishops (Nicaea) elected to the see of Carthage during the Vandal period (429–534 CE). He is mainly known through a few hagiographical paragraphs of Victor of Vita’s Historia persecutionis Africanae provinciae (1.24–27).His date and place of birth are unknown. The rarity of his praenomen led scholars to believe that he might be the same individual mentioned in some of Augustine of Hippo’s letters and works. If this is correct, then he would have been a deacon and a priest in…
Date: 2020-09-21

Deo laudes

(1,166 words)

Author(s): Bass, Alden
Deo laudes (“Praise God!”) is a popular acclamation used by North Africa Christians before martyrdom, after miraculous healings, during liturgy, and to express approval in ecclesiastical proceedings. The expression is found on stone inscriptions across North Africa, especially Numidia. In the 5th century CE, the phrase became associated with Donatist militants.Acclamation of MartyrsThe significance of the phrase can be traced to Augustine of Hippo, who accused Donatists of introducing Deo laudes in place of another acclamation Deo gratias (“Thanks be to God!”), which he c…
Date: 2020-09-21

Deportation/Exile

(3,479 words)

Author(s): Mateo Donet, M. Amparo
Exilium (exile) is a punishment used in antiquity consisting of the expulsion of an individual from the place where he or she lives, either for a given period of time or for life, sending him or her to some concrete location or prohibiting him or her from taking up residence in given places. Due to its advantage of making a person disappear from the city without the need for taking a life, it frequently appears in episodes both in Roman history and of earlier societies, being reserved especially for socially privileged groups.Historical AntecedentsGreek civilization offers us a great d…
Date: 2020-09-21

De recta in Deum fide

(1,818 words)

Author(s): Ramelli, Ilaria L.E.
The dialogue De recta in Deum fide or On the Orthodox Faith in God is also known as Dialogue of Adamantius from the name of its protagonist, Adamantius, who bears the Christian byname of Origen of Alexandria. This is a mysterious and severely understudied document, which features Adamantius as a champion of the orthodox faith engaged in a discussion with “heretics” such as Marcionites, “Valentinians,” and Bardaisanites. As demonstrated by I. Ramelli (2012; 2013; forthcoming a), contrary to what has been claimed, wh…
Date: 2020-09-21

Devil

(5,847 words)

Author(s): Lunn-Rockliffe, Sophie
“Devil” translates Greek διάβολος, transliterated into Latin as diabolus. Διάβολος, an adjective used as a substantive, had a specific sense in classical Greek of “slanderer,” but it came to be used in more general terms to mean “enemy,” and when used by early Christians, often with the definite article (ὁ διάβολος), it most often referred to a particular enemy, “the devil”; in writings from the New Testament onward, Christians used διάβολος alongside many other epithets and names to describe a powerful…
Date: 2020-09-21
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