Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies And Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. Hunter, Boston College, United States, Paul J.J. van Geest, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

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 The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Kingdom of God

(5,092 words)

Author(s): Evans & J.J.Johnston, C.A.
The “kingdom of God” is of great importance in the preaching of Jesus and in early Christian literature (Klein, 1970; Vanoni & Heininger, 2002). It is a concept that is rooted in Israel’s ancient Scriptures, a concept that in the time of Jesus had developed in new ways largely in response to Israel’s experience at the hands of the Greeks and then later the Romans. Jesus and his apostles invested the kingdom concept with new meanings, aspects of which were developed further in the ante-Nicene and post-Nicene fathers.The Kingdom of God in the Old TestamentThe concept of the kingdom of God …
Date: 2021-12-14


(6,419 words)

Author(s): Schreiber, Stefan
The idea of the “kingdom of God” (Gk βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ/ basileia tou theou) is a fundamental theological conception that was current in the Jewish culture of the 1st century CE and that could therefore be evoked by means of this keyword. This early Jewish conception was taken up and employed by Jesus and his early followers. It became prominent in the narratives of the Jesus in the Gospels.Scholars discuss how the Greek syntagma βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ should be translated. The semantic spectrum of βασιλεία includes both a geographical-static aspect (kingdom, realm, e…
Date: 2021-12-14


(3,096 words)

Author(s): Chase, Nathan P.
Ritualized kisses were a part of the Greco-Roman and Jewish world from which the early church emerged. While many of the references to kissing in Greco-Roman writers are between lovers, kisses were used in other instances as well. A kiss could serve as a greeting, as a way to acknowledge those in authority (like the emperor), or as a way to seal an agreement. In religious settings, kisses would be shared between religious participants and priests, or kisses could be bestowed on a religious objec…
Date: 2021-12-14