Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

More information: Brill.com

Nag Hammadi, Writings

(4,761 words)

Author(s): Schenke Robinson, Gesine
In 1945, Egyptian peasants inadvertently made a major discovery near the Upper Egyptian town Nag Hammadi (formerly Chenoboskion). They unearthed a jar in a cave midway up the base of the Gebel el-Tarif, one of the cliffs along the Nile. The jar contained 13 ancient books (codices), 11 of them still in their leather bindings. Since the region is famous for the Christian monastic movement, and Pachomian monasteries are in the vicinity of Nag Hammadi, it was believed that the books where the librar…
Date: 2019-08-09

Nazarenes, Gospel of

(2,813 words)

Author(s): Luomanen, Petri
The church fathers do not explicitly use the titles the Gospel of the Nazarenes or the Gospel of the Ebionites (Ebionites/Ebionitism), although they refer to gospels used by the Nazarenes and the Ebionites. However, Clement of Alexandria and several other church fathers knew about a gospel titled Gospel of the Hebrews/Gospel according to Hebrews (Clem. Strom. 2.9.45; Or. Comm. Jo. 2.12; Eus. Hist. eccl. 3.25.5; Epiph. Pan. 30.3.7; 30.13.2; 46.1; Didy. Comm. Ps. 3.184.9–10; Jer. Comm. Mich. 7.5–7; Vir. ill. 3; Comm. Isa. preface 65). The scholars who support the theory that the Gospel of…
Date: 2019-08-09

Nazarenes, Sect of

(2,414 words)

Author(s): Luomanen, Petri
In scholarly literature, the sect discussed in this entry is most often termed either Nazoreans or Nazarenes. Nazoreans is closer to the Greek form of the name in patristic sources, Ναζωραίοι/ Nazōraioi. On the other hand, most English translations use the form Nazarene/Nazarenes when referring to Jesus’ byname derived from his hometown (Nazareth; Matt 2:23) and to the “sect of the Nazarenes” (Acts 24:5). Because the surviving literary sources link the name of the sect to Jesus’ hometown (see below), the form Nazarenes (reflecting the Latin Nazareus/Nazarei) is used here.A word of c…
Date: 2019-08-09

Nemesius of Emesa

(1,929 words)

Author(s): Karamanolis, George
All we know about Nemesius (end of 4th cent. CE) comes from his sole extant treatise On the Nature of Man, dated in the last decade of the 4th century CE. The author, Nemesius, is presented as the bishop of Emesa in Syria, which is the only information given about him. Key to his dating is his references to the Christian authors Apollinarius of Laodicea and Eunomius of Cyzicus (fl. mid-4th cent. CE, d. c. 390–394 CE). Nemesius draws on Plato, Aristotle, Galen, Plotinus, Porphyry of Tyre, Iamblichus, and Origen. His…
Date: 2019-08-09