Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies And Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. Hunter, Boston College, United States, Paul J.J. van Geest, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

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 The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Q (Quelle)/Two Source Hypothesis

(6,651 words)

Author(s): Kloppenborg, J.S.
On the Two Document hypothesis, the most commonly held hypothesis for resolving the Synoptic Problem, Mark, the shortest of the Synoptic Gospels, is also the earliest and the literary source of Matthew and Luke. Alongside Mark, Matthew and Luke also used a collection of sayings and chriae ascribed to Jesus (and John), a collection no longer extant but whose contours can be reconstructed in part. This collection is normally called “Q” ( Quelle, i.e. “source”; Neirynck, 1978; Mark, Gospel of; Matthew, Gospel of; Luke, Gospel of).The Synoptic ProblemThe Synoptic Problem became an iss…
Date: 2022-09-22


(706 words)

Author(s): Schwartz, Joshua
Publius Sulpicius Quirinius (c. 51 BCE–21 CE) was a Roman aristocrat who was appointed legate of Syria after the banishment of the ethnarch Herod Archelaus in 6 CE. Judaea subsequently came under direct Roman rule as Provincia Iudaea. Coponius was appointed as prefect of the new province. According to Flavius Josephus, Quirinius, as legate of Syria, was instructed to carry out a census of the province of Iudaea, signaling the imposition of Roman taxes and the official subordination of that province (Jos. Ant. 17.342–344; 17.354–355). The census at first aroused a great deal o…
Date: 2022-09-22

Quodvultdeus of Carthage

(2,083 words)

Author(s): Heintz, Michael
The details of the life and ministry of Quodvultdeus of Carthage (d. c. 454 CE) are obscure. Victor of Vita, in his late 5th-century CE account of North African life during the persecution by the Vandals under Geiseric and Huneric (c. 428–484 CE), recounts the following: But then he [Geiseric] ordered that the bishop of the city in question, Carthage, known to God and men by the name Quodvultdeus, be exiled along with a large number of clergy; despoiled and defenseless, they were placed on rickety ships. But the Lord in his merciful goodnes…
Date: 2022-09-22