Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Cyprian of Carthage

(5,923 words)

Author(s): Dunn, Geoffrey D.
Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus (Cyprian; d. Sep 14, 258 CE) was bishop of Carthage in the mid-3rd century CE for approximately ten years until his martyrdom during the persecution of Emperor Valerian (253–260 CE). His extensive but by no means complete preserved letter collection, containing over 80 letters written by or to him, as well as the 13 treatises generally attributed to him, make Africa in the 250s CE the best-documented decade in all of pre-Nicene Christianity. The fact that we have also the interventions ( sententiae) of bishops at the episcopal synod of September 256 …
Date: 2020-09-21

Cyprus

(3,654 words)

Author(s): Arfuch, Diego E.
Cyprus is one of the larger islands of the Mediterranean (9283 km2). In ancient times, the fertility and richness of its soil were noted by the classical authors (Stra. Geogr. 16.6.5; Am. 14.8.14). The name Kyprus is almost certainly derived from cuprum since bronze was exploited on the island from the most remote times.It formed part of the ancient Mycenaean and Achaean civilizations. Between 449 and 411 BCE, the island was under the influence of the Phoenicians. Alexander the Great’s successors fought over the island, which fell under the domina…
Date: 2020-09-21

Cyrillona

(706 words)

Author(s): Griffin, Carl
Cyrillona (fl. late 4th cent. CE) was a Syriac homilist and poet known to us only through five works preserved in a single early manuscript (BL Add. 14,591; 6th cent. CE). From a crucial description of contemporary travails, including an invasion of the Huns in 395 CE, it appears that Cyrillona lived in Roman Mesopotamia or Syria around the turn of the 5th century CE. Some have speculated that Cyrillona was in fact Absamya, a nephew of Ephrem the Syrian, who is also reported to have written on the Huns, but this is highly doubtful. The manuscript in one place ascribes to Cyrillona the title Mar, an…
Date: 2020-09-21

Cyril of Jerusalem

(5,781 words)

Author(s): Jacobsen, Anders-Christian
Cyril of Jerusalem (c. 315–387 CE) was born probably in or near Jerusalem. Only little is known of Cyril’s life before he became bishop in Jerusalem . He began his ecclesiastical career as a deacon in the congregation in Jerusalem sometime between 330 and 335 CE. Around 343 CE, he was appointed a presbyter by Bishop Maximus. And finally, he became bishop in 350 CE (Yarnold, 2000, 3–4; Van Nuffelen, 2007, 136, argues that Cyril was appointed bishop already in 348 CE). Cyril’s appointment as a bishop was not without complications as can be gathered from a few ancient authors: Rufinus of Aquileia ( H…
Date: 2020-09-21