Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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(5,530 words)

Author(s): Tiwald, Markus
HistoriographyThe Hebrew word for the Jewish law is תּוֹרָה/ torah. The Septuagint mostly translates this expression with νόμος/ nomos: 193 times out of 223 references; the closest competitor is νόμιμος/ nomimos, which translates תּוֹרָה six times (Abegg, 2001, 205). Already in the Old Testament the meaning of  torah/nomos shows a broad variety of possibilities (García Lopez, 1995, 631). Thus, in early Judaism one should not limit the meaning of “Torah” to the Pentateuch (see the critique of Müller, 1996, 258). The same caveat was entered…
Date: 2019-08-09


(1,965 words)

Author(s): Jefferson, Lee
From its inception, Christian art and its creators were interested in depicting the miracles of Jesus. As Christian art developed from the 3rd century CE forward, scenes from the New Testament that featured Jesus performing healings and miracles were the dominant theme. Since early Christian art during these centuries was created mostly in a funerary environment, either on catacomb walls or carved on sarcophagi friezes, some of the most popular subjects from this biblical genre featured Jesus ra…
Date: 2019-08-09

Leo I

(2,842 words)

Author(s): Neil, Bronwen
Little is known of Leo’s life before he entered the pontificate on Sep 29, 440 CE. The  Liber Pontificalis relates that Leo was born in Tuscia, the son of a Quintianus who is otherwise unknown. It seems that Leo served as archdeacon under Sixtus III (432–440 CE), in which role he would have received valuable training for the office of bishop. This was a common career path in the papal service. From Sixtus III, he inherited an ongoing major building program within the city and divisions within the urban population…
Date: 2019-08-09